We claim that climate change affects rice production, the main crop in Vietnam. In turn, this modifies the set of economic opportunities, by increasing the cost of rice for consumers and therefore reducing their real income.
How does climate change affect rice production?
Studies suggest that the temperature increases, rising seas and changes in rainfall patterns and distribution expected as a result of global climate change could lead to substantial modifications in land and water resources for rice production as well as in the productivity of rice crops grown in different parts of the …
How is Vietnam affected by climate change?
Vietnam is among the most vulnerable nations to climate change impacts according to a recent International Panel on Climate Change report. The country’s diverse geography means it is hit by typhoons, landslides, flooding and droughts, weather events expected to worsen in coming years.
How does the climate affect the food in Vietnam?
In northern Vietnam, a colder climate limits the production and availability of spices. As a result, the foods there are often less spicy than those in other regions. Black pepper is used in place of chilies as the most popular ingredient to produce spicy flavors.
How does climate affect rice production in Asia?
Environmental stresses constrain rice production, affecting about 30% of the 700 million poor in Asia alone, who live in rainfed rice-growing areas. These stresses can be caused by extreme climatic changes like drought, flooding, or rising sea levels, while some can be inherent like high iron toxicity in the soil.
What affects rice production?
Variability in the amount and distribution of rainfall are the most important factors affecting yield of rainfed wetland rice. Solar radiation is essential for photosynthetic activity. As such, the growth, development and yield of rice plants are affected by the level of solar radiation.
What are the factors affecting rice production?
Result shows that fuel, fertilizer, land rent, planting season, and land area are the factors that affect both production and technical efficiency of rice production.
How does climate change impact on production and sector in the economy?
More extreme weather has the potential to weaken economic growth through damage to the capital stock and labor supply, and labor productivity will weaken as the world economy adjusts to higher temperatures. Inflation will rise through the growing cost of food, energy and insurance.
Is Vietnam fighting climate change?
Vietnam ratified the 2016 Paris Agreement on Climate and committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by at least 8 percent by 2030 and to achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030.
What is Vietnam doing to prevent climate change?
In 2020, Vietnam introduced legislation to advance its greenhouse gas reduction goals as per the Paris Agreement. The legislation included a draft Law on Environmental Protection in addition to a lower-level decree from the Environment Ministry.
How severe is the impact of climate change on crop production in the Mekong Delta Vietnam?
On a national scale, Viet Nam will lose about 2 million hectares of rice land, equivalent to about 50% if the sea level rises by 1 m (Dat et al., 2019). Climate change also increases saline intrusion in coastal areas, causing agricultural land area to be lost, especially in the Mekong Delta (Dat et al., 2019).
Is food free in Vietnam?
Locals prefer to pay for meals, even if it’s a very low price, to avoid the stigma of accepting free food. The soup kitchen is popular and busy, serving up to 800 meals to low-income workers, the elderly and anyone else who requires lunch.
Where do people buy food in Vietnam?
We can buy foods at supermarkets, local market or from street food vendors who sell the foods around the streets. These vendors have become familiar with many Vietnamese people for many years.
Which climate is suitable for rice cultivation?
Rice crop needs a hot and humid climate. It is best suited to regions which have high humidity, prolonged sunshine and an assured supply of water. The average temperature required throughout the life period of the crop ranges from 21 to 37º C. Maximum temp which the crop can tolerate 400C to 42 0C.