Beginning in the 1930s, France began to exploit the region for its natural resources and to economically diversify the colony. Cochinchina, Annam and Tonkin (encompassing modern-day Vietnam) became a source of tea, rice, coffee, pepper, coal, zinc and tin, while Cambodia became a centre for rice and pepper crops.
What changes did the French make in Indochina?
The French made many changes in Vietnam. They modernized the country by building railroads connecting the major cities. Of special pride to both the Vietnamese and the French was a railroad connecting the northern capital, Hanoi, to Saigon the largest city in South Vietnam.
What did the French do to the Vietnamese?
Vietnamese land was seized by the French and collectivised into large rice and rubber plantations. Local farmers were forced to labour on these plantations in difficult and dangerous conditions.
Were the French successful in Indochina?
The French Indochina War broke out in 1946 and went on for eight years, with France’s war effort largely funded and supplied by the United States. Finally, with their shattering defeat by the Viet Minh at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu in May 1954, the French came to the end of their rule in Indochina.
Why did the French fail in Indochina?
The French lost their Indochinese colonies due to political, military, diplomatic, economic and socio-cultural factors. The fall of Dien Bien Phu in 1954 signalled a loss of French power. General Vo Nguyen Giap and his Viet Minh had triumphed on the eve of the Geneva Conference.
How did the French control Indochina?
France obtained control over northern Vietnam following its victory over China in the Sino-French War (1884–85). French Indochina was formed on 17 October 1887 from Annam, Tonkin, Cochinchina (which together form modern Vietnam) and the Kingdom of Cambodia; Laos was added after the Franco-Siamese War in 1893.
What actions did France take to consolidate her position in Indochina?
In 1887, French Indo-China was formed. 3⃣ In the following decades the French sought to consolidate their position by building canals and draining lands in the Mekong delta to increase cultivation. 4⃣Trans Indo-China rail network was constructed. 5⃣Civilising Mission was started to make Vietnamese modern.
When did the French colonize Indochina?
French Indochina was the collective name for the French colonial regions of Southeast Asia from colonization in 1887 to independence and the subsequent Vietnam Wars of the mid-1900s. During the colonial era, French Indochina was made up of Cochin-China, Annam, Cambodia, Tonkin, Kwangchowan, and Laos.
When did the French leave Indochina?
On May 7, 1954, the French-held garrison at Dien Bien Phu in Vietnam fell after a four month siege led by Vietnamese nationalist Ho Chi Minh. After the fall of Dien Bien Phu, the French pulled out of the region.
Which of the following were French motivations for the colonization of Indochina?
Terms in this set (6)
The French saw Indochina as a market for French manufactured goods. The French wanted to acquire raw materials for industry. The French were interested in gaining influence in Asia.
Why did France colonize Laos?
France had a presence in Vietnam during this time, and in August 1883 the two nations signed a treaty outlining French protection of Vietnam from Chinese forces. This was the basis of France’s claim to land in Laos. They pursued their goals by exploiting the tributary system as understood by the Siamese and Vietnamese.
What role did the US play in the First Indochina War?
Yet in the early days of the First Indochina War, the United States remained neutral and even encouraged France to negotiate. Only over time did the United Sates agree to provide aid to France in their fight.
How did the French Indochina war end?
The First Indochina War ended in French defeat following the surrender of a French army to the Viet Minh rebels in the Battle of Dien Bien Phu in 1954. France began its conquest of Indochina in 1859, and by 1885, controlled most of Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos.
Who won the French Indochina War?
The French Indochina War broke out in 1946 and went on for eight years, with France’s war effort largely funded and supplied by the United States. Finally, with their shattering defeat by the Viet Minh at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu in May 1954, the…
What if France won the first Indochina War?
Well , if France manage to win the Indochina war , they will get to rule for 10–20 more years and then another independence movement will break out and a deviated version of Viet Nam war will still take place.
What did the Viet Minh victory cause the French to do?
What did this Vietminh victory cause the French to do? Surrender and leave Vietnam.