The Dutch began to colonize Indonesia in the early 17th century; the islands were occupied by Japan from 1942 to 1945. Indonesia declared its independence after Japan’s surrender, but it required four years before the Netherlands agreed to relinquish its colony.
What is the historical background of Indonesia?
Although Indonesia did not become the country’s official name until the time of independence, the name was used as early as 1884 by a German geographer; it is thought to derive from the Greek indos, meaning “India,” and nesos, meaning “island.” After a period of occupation by the Japanese (1942–45) during World War II, …
Who came first Indonesia?
Austronesian people, who form the majority of the modern population, are thought to have originally been from Taiwan and arrived in Indonesia around 2000 BCE. From the 7th century CE, the powerful Srivijaya naval kingdom flourished bringing Hindu and Buddhist influences with it.
What major events happened in Indonesia?
|1257||Baab Mashur Malamo established The Kingdom of Ternate in Maluku.|
|1275||King Kertanegara of Singhasari launched Pamalayu expedition against Melayu Kingdom in Sumatra.|
|1284||King Kertanegara launched Pabali expedition to Bali, which integrated Bali into the Singhasari territory.|
How was Indonesia created?
The Indonesian archipel- ago formed over the past 300 million years by reassembly of fragments rifted from the Gondwana supercontinent that arrived at the Eurasian subduction margin. The present-day geology of Indonesia is broadly the result of Cenozoic subduction and collision at this margin.
What is Indonesia best known for?
Nowadays, Indonesia is famous for its diverse and multicultural islands, from deeply religious Aceh in the north; to the country’s center of government in Java; to the tropical paradise of Bali; and all the way down to the province of Papua on the border with independent Papua New Guinea.
When was Indonesia founded?
An early 18th century Dutch map from a time when only the north coastal ports of Java were well known to the Dutch. Independence Period: On August 17, 1945, Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta proclaimed the independent Republic of Indonesia with Sukarno as president and Hatta as vice president.
What is the oldest kingdom in Indonesia?
Kalingga (Javanese: Karajan Kalingga; 訶陵 Hēlíng or 闍婆 Dūpó in Chinese sources) was a 6th-century Indianized kingdom on the north coast of Central Java, Indonesia. It was the earliest Hindu-Buddhist kingdom in Central Java, and together with Kutai and Tarumanagara are the oldest kingdoms in Indonesian history.
What is an interesting fact about Indonesia?
Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world
Officially, there are over 17,500 islands that comprise Indonesia, but only 6000 of those islands are inhabited. The island of Java is home to over half of the population but is the size of New York State.
What is Indonesia religion?
Religion in Indonesia (2020) Islam (86.7%) Protestantism (7.6%) Catholicism (3.12%) Hinduism (1.74%)
What is the main culture of Indonesia?
Indonesia is centrally-located along ancient trading routes between the Far East, South Asia and the Middle East, resulting in many cultural practices being strongly influenced by a multitude of religions, including Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Hinduism, and Islam, all strong in the major trading cities.
What language is spoken in Indonesia?
A national festival celebrated across the country is the Independence Day of Indonesia. It is celebrated on the 17th of August every year. Apart from these, Rambu Solo Ceremony, Nyepi, Waisak, Baliem Valley Festival, Bau Nyale, Galungan, and Lampung Krakatau Festival are some of the major festivals in Indonesia.
Why is it called Indonesia?
Etymology. The name Indonesia derives from Greek words of Indos (Ἰνδός) and nesos (νῆσος), meaning “Indian islands”. The name dates to the 19th century, far predating the formation of independent Indonesia.
Where do Indonesian come from?
Around 95% of Indonesians are Native Indonesians (formerly grouped as “Pribumi”), with 40% Javanese and 15% Sundanese forming the majority, while the other 5% are Indonesians with ancestry from foreign origin, such as Arab Indonesians, Chinese Indonesians, Indian Indonesians, and Indos.
What is the nickname of Indonesia?
also known as ‘The Emerald of the Equator’
In addition, Indonesia is an archipelago, consisting of thousands of islands. So that makes Indonesia is rich in natural and cultural wealth. That is why Indonesia is called as the emerald of the equator.