The metropolitan region of the capital Jakarta is home to 30 million people and parts of the city near the coast are sinking just as sea levels are rising. However, the country is the world’s fifth-largest emitter of the greenhouse gases that are blamed for causing the climate crisis.
How is Jakarta affected by climate change?
Strong surges, cyclones and tides due to the changing climate add to the problems of the high water. On top of that, Jakarta is routinely flooded due to upstream heavy rainfalls or local rainfalls. Multiple efforts to tackle these issues are urgently needed.
What is the biggest problem in Jakarta?
Sinking land, rising seas, and rainfall-driven floods pose big problems for Indonesia’s largest city.
Is Indonesia vulnerable to climate change?
Indonesia is vulnerable to climate change due to its high population density – especially in coastal areas, and strong dependence on natural resources for income generation and consumption.
What are the environmental issues in Jakarta?
The land surface of Jakarta is heavily populated and has many environmental challenges to face. Among them are the land-water pollution, rapid land-use change and ecosystem degradation. The Jakarta situation today needs improvements.
How is Indonesia affected by climate change?
The impacts of climate change in Indonesia include, but are not limited to: temperature increase, intense rainfall, a rise in sea-level, and a threat to food security.
How is Jakarta changing?
On January 18, 2022, Indonesia passed a bill to move its capital from Jakarta to East Kalimantan, situated in the east of Borneo island about 2,000 kilometers away. The new capital city of the country will be called Nusantara which translates to “archipelago”.
What is Jakarta doing to try to reduce negative environmental impacts?
The government of Jakarta has started taking action on climate change, but much remains to be done to mainstream climate change across all sectors for the long term. Major infrastructure investments to reduce vulnerability include large flood canals and sea walls along the coast.
Why Jakarta is vulnerable to regular flooding?
Jakarta was hit by two major floods on 1 January 2020 and 20 February 2021, with extreme rainfall , believed to be the cause for both. The fact that Jakarta was built on a delta with 40% of the area below sea level, has made the city naturally vulnerable to flooding.
Why is Jakarta so polluted?
The pollution is due to increased human activities, population growth, the increasing number of industries, and transportation. … Transportation is the main source of ambient air pollution in Jakarta, which has 10 million people.
Why is Indonesia vulnerable to hazards?
Regions of Indonesia are highly prone to various natural hazards such as earthquakes, tsunamis and volcanic eruptions. … Three main driving factors affecting social vulnerability in Indonesia are found: ‘socioeconomic status and infrastructure,’ ‘gender, age and population growth’ and ‘family structure.
What is Indonesia doing to combat climate?
Recognizing the domestic and international importance of its tropical landscape and the people in it, the Indonesian government has made encouraging decisions; it has voluntarily committed to a minimum 26% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 and developed a strategy for land use and forestry emissions, …
How is the climate in Indonesia?
Indonesia’s climate is largely hot and humid, with rainfall occurring mostly in low-lying areas and mountainous regions experiencing cooler temperatures. The cities of Jakarta, Ujung Padang, Medan, Padang, and Balikpapan have an average minimum temperature of 22.8°C and a high of 30.2°C.
Is Jakarta the worst city?
Jakarta was named the “worst-performing city in the ranking”, followed by India’s Delhi – each of which houses more than 10 million people, in a study of the world’s 576 largest cities conducted by UK-based business risk consultancy Verisk Maplecroft.
What are Indonesia’s environmental issues?
Issues include large-scale deforestation (much of it illegal) and related wildfires causing heavy smog over parts of western Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore; over-exploitation of marine resources; and environmental problems associated with rapid urbanisation and economic development, including air pollution, traffic …
Where does Jakarta get its water from?
Jakarta takes 80 per cent of its water from the Jatiluhur Dam on the Citarum River, and 20 per cent from Cisadane and Krukut River. The PAM Jaya Company is the supervising authority for private operators Palyja and Aetra that manage the water supply to the residents.