How trade plays an important role in Singapore’s maritime growth and development. Long before Singapore became a British trading post in 1819, it was already an active trading place during the 1300s.
How did Singapore become a trading port?
In 1819, British statesman Stamford Raffles negotiated a treaty whereby Johor allowed the British to locate a trading port on the island, ultimately leading to the establishment of the crown colony of Singapore in 1867.
How did Singapore become a trading hub?
Singapore is located where major East and West shipping lanes converge and is one of Asia’s largest trading hubs. Its central role in ASEAN and economic partnership with China mean that it is becoming the focal point of commercial activity in the region, making it an effective springboard for regional opportunities.
What was Singapore called before 1965?
Early Singapore was called “Temasek”, possibly a word deriving from “tasik” (Malay for lake or sea) and taken to mean Sea-town in Malay.
What was traded in Singapore before 1819?
SINGAPURA BEFORE 1819 14
Towards the end of the 14th century, Vietnamese and Thai ceramics entered the trade market in Singapore. Temasek or Singapura was attacked in the late 14th century and the hill settlement was abandoned after 1400.
When did Singapore become independent?
On 9 August 1965, Singapore separated from Malaysia to become an independent and sovereign state. The separation was the result of deep political and economic differences between the ruling parties of Singapore and Malaysia, which created communal tensions that resulted in racial riots in July and September 1964.
Why did Singapore decline as a trading port after the 14th century?
By the end of the 14th century, however, Temasek had declined as a trading port. This was because the rise of the Ming dynasty caused trade to slow down, as China discouraged overseas trade through private merchants.
Who made Singapore a free port?
Most of the Bugis sea traders migrated to Macassar after the Dutch made it a free port in 1847, and by 1860 the Bugis population of Singapore had declined to less than 1,000.
Why is Singapore such a busy port?
The Port of Singapore holds the title of world’s busiest container port because it handles the largest amount of total shipping tonnage. It also tranships a fifth of the world’s shipping containers and half of the world’s annual supply of crude oil.
What did Singapore trade in the past?
Although primary commodities (crude rubber, nonferrous metals, and to a lesser extent palm and coconut oil) were still a factor in trading activities, machinery and transportation equipment dominated. Singapore also served as a back door to trade with Asian communist countries for third countries, such as Indonesia.
Who lived Singapore before 1819?
Singapore Island originally was inhabited by fishermen and pirates, and it served as an outpost for the Sumatran empire of Srīvijaya. In Javanese inscriptions and Chinese records dating to the end of the 14th century, the more-common name of the island is Tumasik, or Temasek, from the Javanese word tasek (“sea”).
When did Britain leave Singapore?
On 18 July 1967, Britain announced that it would withdraw its troops from Singapore by the mid-1970s. Six months later, the deadline was brought forward to 1971. The sudden pullout of British forces presented serious problems to Singapore’s defence and economic security.
What was Singapore previously known as?
A long time ago, Singapore was once known as Sea Town. … Later, the city was known as Temasek (“Sea Town”), when the first settlements were established from AD 1298-1299. During the 14th century, this small but strategically-located island earned a new name.
When was Singapore called Singapore?
Sometime in the 14th century the name was changed to Singapura, which is now rendered as Singapore in English. Singapura means “Lion City” in Sanskrit, and Sang Nila Utama is usually credited with naming the city, although its actual origin is uncertain.
How long was Singapore colonized?
The Colony of Singapore was a British Crown colony for a total of 144 years, interrupted by Japanese invasion during World War II.
When did Sir Stamford Raffles arrived in Singapore?
Raffles’ expedition officially landed in Singapore on 29 January 1819, although he landed at the southern outskirts on St John’s Island a day before.