What were the French imperialist policies in Indochina?

French imperialists claimed it was their responsibility to colonise undeveloped regions in Africa and Asia, to introduce modern political ideas, social reforms, industrial methods and new technologies. Without European intervention, these places would remain backward, uncivilised and impoverished.

What was the Indochina policy?

The immediate objective of US policy in Indochina is to assist in a solution of the present impasse which will be mutually satisfactory to the French and the Vietnamese peoples, which will result in the termination of the present hostilities, and which will be within the framework of US security.

How did the French Imperialize Indochina?

France obtained control over northern Vietnam following its victory over China in the Sino-French War (1884–85). French Indochina was formed on 17 October 1887 from Annam, Tonkin, Cochinchina (which together form modern Vietnam) and the Kingdom of Cambodia; Laos was added after the Franco-Siamese War in 1893.

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What changes did the French make in Indochina?

The French made many changes in Vietnam. They modernized the country by building railroads connecting the major cities. Of special pride to both the Vietnamese and the French was a railroad connecting the northern capital, Hanoi, to Saigon the largest city in South Vietnam.

How did imperialism affect Indochina?

Colonized people had few rights and had to follow France’s rule. Rice was a main export of Indochina, however the people were not allowed to eat any of it. Because it became a melting pot of religions, there were often racial and religious clashes.

What did us do in Indochina?

role of. …the American role in the Indochina crisis between France and the guerrillas led by Ho Chi Minh to pushing for a partition of Vietnam into a communist North and a noncommunist South and to providing financial and military aid to the latter.

Where is French Indonesia?

French Indochina was the collective name for the French colonial regions of Southeast Asia from colonization in 1887 to independence and the subsequent Vietnam Wars of the mid-1900s. During the colonial era, French Indochina was made up of Cochin-China, Annam, Cambodia, Tonkin, Kwangchowan, and Laos.

Why did the French want to control Indochina?

In reality, French colonialism was chiefly driven by economic interests. French colonists were interested in acquiring land, exploiting labour, exporting resources and making profit. 3. Vietnamese land was seized by the French and collectivised into large rice and rubber plantations.

Why did France colonize Laos?

France had a presence in Vietnam during this time, and in August 1883 the two nations signed a treaty outlining French protection of Vietnam from Chinese forces. This was the basis of France’s claim to land in Laos. They pursued their goals by exploiting the tributary system as understood by the Siamese and Vietnamese.

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What was French Indochina quizlet?

French Indochina. A French colony that included Vietnam , Laos, and Cambodia, but Vietminh captured the fRench fortress of Dien Bien Phy, North was a Communist State, south independent, they wanted to resist of Communism.

What actions did France take to consolidate her position in Indochina?

In 1887, French Indo-China was formed. 3⃣ In the following decades the French sought to consolidate their position by building canals and draining lands in the Mekong delta to increase cultivation. 4⃣Trans Indo-China rail network was constructed. 5⃣Civilising Mission was started to make Vietnamese modern.

Which of the following were French motivations for the colonization of Indochina?

Terms in this set (6)

The French saw Indochina as a market for French manufactured goods. The French wanted to acquire raw materials for industry. The French were interested in gaining influence in Asia.

Who led resistance to French colonization and oppression in Vietnam?

A new national movement arose in the early 20th century. Its most prominent spokesman was Phan Boi Chau, with whose rise the old traditionalist opposition gave way to a modern nationalist leadership that rejected French rule but not Western ideas, science, and technology.

When did Indochina gain independence France?

Crisis Phase (September 2, 1945-December 18, 1946): Ho Chi Minh, leaders of the provisional government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, proclaimed Vietnam’s independence from France on September 2, 1945.

What impact did the French rule have on the area conquered?

French colonialism did provide some benefits for Vietnamese society, most noticeable of which were improvements in education. French missionaries, officials and their families opened primary schools and provided lessons in both French and Viet languages. Hope it helps.

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What three countries made up French Indochina?

Indochina, also called (until 1950) French Indochina or French Indochine Française, the three countries of Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia formerly associated with France, first within its empire and later within the French Union.