Due to weak awareness, weak compliance to rules and weak law enforcement domestic and industrial waste is continuously being discharged into rivers, causing that most river water in Indonesia is polluted. The growing population and industrialization only exacerbates the situation.
Why does Indonesia not have clean water?
While fresh water is readily available, population growth, urbanization, and expanding agriculture are increasing pressure on available resources and systems. Many cities and districts have insufficient budgets to manage water and sanitation infrastructure and expand access to the poor and underserved.
Why is Indonesia so polluted?
Issues include large-scale deforestation (much of it illegal) and related wildfires causing heavy smog over parts of western Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore; over-exploitation of marine resources; and environmental problems associated with rapid urbanisation and economic development, including air pollution, traffic …
What are the water problems in Indonesia?
Indonesia’s water and sanitation crisis
For many households, water sources are distant, contaminated or expensive, and household sanitation is unaffordable. About 18 million Indonesians lack safe water and 20 million lack access to improved sanitation facilities.
Is Indonesia water safe to drink?
Yes but public tap water should only be consumed after boiling and filtering unless you are told otherwise. The main issue is pathogens due to poor water pipe infrastructure and the tropical heat.
How does Indonesia get water?
Water utilities abstract water from rivers and lakes (60%), springs (25%) and groundwater (15%). For example, the main water source for Jakarta is the Jatiluhur Dam on the Citarum River 70 km southeast of the city.
Why does Indonesia have plastic pollution?
Indonesia generates approximately 7.8 million tons of plastic waste annually. 4.9 million tons of plastic waste is mismanaged—e.g. uncollected, disposed of in open dumpsites or leaked from improperly managed landfills.
Is Indonesia very polluted?
According to the AQLI, as 80 percent of Indonesia’s population of over 250 million is exposed to annual average pollution concentrations above the WHO guideline, the country has the fifth highest loss of life-years due to particulate pollution in the world.
How is Indonesia affected by ocean pollution?
Indonesia is among the world’s top contributors to plastic pollution, in a world where more than 8 million metric tons of plastic are dumped into oceans every year. Scientists have warned that by 2050 there will be more plastic by weight in the oceans than fish.
Why does Jakarta have water scarcity?
The island of Java, where Jakarta is located, has experienced longer dry seasons and wetter wet seasons due to climate change. Unregulated urban growth has left little space for water to percolate into the ground. Furthermore, the lack of harvesting infrastructure causes all excess water runs off, often causing floods.
Why is Jakarta sinking?
The main cause is uncontrolled ground water extraction, but it has been exacerbated by the rising Java Sea due to climate change. Beyond that, its air and ground water are heavily polluted, it floods regularly and its streets are so clogged that it is estimated congestion costs the economy $4.5 billion a year.
How polluted is the Citarum river?
The river is heavily polluted by human activity; about five million people live in its basin. Textile factories in Bandung and Cimahi were major toxic waste contributors. More than 2,000 industries contaminate 5,020 sq miles of the river with lead, mercury, arsenic, and other toxins.
Can you drink Jakarta tap water?
The tap water in Jakarta, Indonesia, is not safe to drink. But other inhabitants do drink the tap water after boiling. Tap water in Indonesia is not suitable for direct drinking, including hotels tap. You can use water for washing and showers.
Is Bali water dirty?
After analyzing the issue behind Bali’s lack of sanitized water, it was quickly realized that water contamination was not the only problem. Bali is currently experiencing a falling water table, salt-water intrusion, decreasing river and lake water, and land subsidence, to add to the deteriorating water quality.