How does the legislative set up of Cambodia work?

Legislative power is vested in a bicameral legislature composed of the National Assembly, which has the power to vote on draft law, and the Senate, that has the power of review. Upon passage of legislation through the two chambers, the draft law is presented to the monarch for signing and promulgation.

How does the government work in Cambodia?

Cambodia is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliamentary form of government. In the most recent national elections, held in 2008, the Cambodian People’s Party (CPP) won 90 of 123 National Assembly seats.

What is law making process in Cambodia?

The law-making process is about making and enacting new laws or revising existing laws. In the Kingdom of Cambodia, three institutions can initiate the law-making process: any member of the National Assembly, any member of the Senate and the prime minister. Most of the texts presented come from the prime minister.

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How is the law enforced in Cambodia?

Law enforcement in Cambodia is handled by the Cambodian National Police, one of three General Departments within the Ministry of the Interior. The National Police numbers 64,000 and is divided into four autonomous units and five central departments.

What type of government did Cambodia have was it limited or unlimited?


Cambodia is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliamentary government. The ruling Cambodian People’s Party (CPP) won all 125 National Assembly seats in the July 29 national election, having banned the chief opposition party in November 2017.

What is Constitution of Cambodia?

Cambodia is a Kingdom with a King who shall rule according to the Constitution and to the principles of liberal democracy and pluralism. The Kingdom of Cambodia shall be independent, sovereign, peaceful, permanently neutral and non-aligned country.

What is the biggest problem in Cambodia 2021?


  • Draconian New Laws.
  • Attacks on Human Rights Defenders.
  • Arrest and Harassment of Opposition Members and Supporters.
  • Freedom of Media.
  • Lack of Adequate Standard of Living.

What is legislative drafting?

Legislative drafting can be defined as the drafting of legislation and of any writing which arises out of legislation. Legislation, of course, is the enacted law of the country, the statute law made by the legislature.

What is Cambodian law?

The Cambodian legal system is based largely on the French civil system, and is statute based. The Constitution is the Supreme Law. The legal system has evolved from unwritten customary law, prevalent during Angkorian times, to statutory law, under the French colonisation from 1863 to 1953 and up until 1975.

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How does international law become national law in Cambodia?

According to a 2007 decision of the Constitutional Council, international law is considered a source of Cambodian law. All international treaties and conventions can become Cambodian law after a vote of approval by the National Assembly and the Senate and signature and ratification by the King.

How many types of law are there in Cambodia?

Sources of law in Cambodia are numerous and can be classified in two categories: the primary sources and the secondary sources. The primary sources include the formal laws issued by State competent authorities. All written legal instruments issued by the authorities of the State are kept in the Royal Gazette.

What is law and judiciary?

The judiciary (also known as the judicial system, judicature, judicial branch, judiciative branch, and court or judiciary system) is the system of courts that adjudicates legal disputes/disagreements and interprets, defends, and applies the law in legal cases.

How many courts are there in Cambodia?

The arrival of the UNTAC in 1992 brought fundamental changes to the court system in Cambodia. The Appellate Court was created, resulting in a three – tierd court system: – the Municipal and Provincial Court (jurisdiction of first instance) – the Appellate Court and – the Supreme Court.

What type of government does Cambodia have right now?

Cambodia is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliamentary government. The ruling Cambodian People’s Party won all 125 National Assembly seats in the 2018 national election, having banned the main opposition party in 2017, turning the country into what is now a de facto one-party state.

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What branch of government is Cambodia?

Under the 1993 Constitution, the powers of the government are separated into three branches: the executive, the legislative and the judiciary. The Council of Ministers (also known as the Cabinet of Cambodia) heads the executive branch, which includes the Prime Minister and all the ministries.

What is Cambodia’s main export?

Cambodia’s exports are dominated by textile goods, which account for around 70 percent of total exports. Other export products include vehicles, footwear, natural rubber and fish. Cambodia’s main export partners are the United States, Hong Kong, Singapore, Canada, Germany and the UK.