More than a third of the population of Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand and Vietnam – some 60 million people – live in the Lower Mekong Basin, using the river for drinking water, food, irrigation, hydropower, transportation and commerce.
How many people use the Mekong River?
River of giants
With over 1,300 species of fish, the Mekong River is the world’s most productive inland fishery. Providing livelihoods to 60 million people, this fishery accounts for up to 25% of the global inland catch, providing up to 80% of all animal protein in to the people of the Mekong River basin.
What is the Mekong River used for today?
The Mekong River has many uses to modern man including irrigation, domestic water, industrial water, transportation, fisheries, and power generation.
What countries rely on the Mekong River?
The vast region spans six countries: China, Myanmar, Lao PDR, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam. Its 200 million acres—the combined size of Texas and Arkansas—contain some of the most biologically diverse habitats in the world. This is the ‘rice bowl’ of Asia and at its heart lays the Mekong River.
Why is the Mekong River important?
From its source in the Tibetan Plateau to its end in Vietnam, the Mekong River is a critical source of drinking water for the millions of people who live in its watershed.
Why is the Mekong River important to Cambodia?
A unique river system
This reversal in flow of the Tonle Sap and the related flooding helps support Cambodia’s wildlife, rice farming, and even the stability of the Angkor Temple foundations.
Is the Mekong River polluted?
The Mekong is one of the most polluted rivers in the world, transporting an estimated 40 thousand tonnes of plastic into the world’s oceans each year.
Is the Mekong River used for transportation?
The Mekong River has provided a means of transportation for thousands of years. … Transportation on the river is presently segmented by natural barriers. Shipments entering from the South China Sea can only travel slightly upriver from Phnom Penh with the Sambor Rapids and Khone Falls hindering travel upstream into Laos.
Why is the Mekong River important to Myanmar?
Mekong Flows Along Troubled Myanmar’s East As it winds its way to the South China Sea, the Mekong River runs along Myanmar’s remote and often troubled Shan state. The repressive military government in Yangon controls parts of the state, while ethnic militias and warlords rule the others.
How many countries does the Mekong River flow through?
About three-fourths of the drainage area of the Mekong lies within the four countries the river traverses on its lower course—Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam.
Which country controls the headwaters of the Mekong River?
China’s Control of the Mekong. Whether through its own dams or the financing and construction of dams in other countries, China is largely in the driver’s seat when it comes to the Mekong. In this March 22, 2016 photo, a Cambodian fisherman anchors their wooden boats on Mekong River bank near Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
Why is the Mekong important to Vietnam?
The Mekong delta region encompasses a large portion of southwestern Vietnam of over 40,500 square kilometres (15,600 sq mi). The size of the area covered by water depends on the season. Its wet coastal geography makes it an important source of agriculture and aquaculture for the country.
What country have control on the Mekong River water in the upstream due to building big dams?
China continues to build dams along the upper Mekong and its tributaries. Laos is following suit, Thitinan said. Although the four lower Mekong countries have an oversight organization, the Mekong River Commission, they are now turning to the United States and other countries for help in resisting China.
What are advantages of Mekong River to ancient Khmer?
This meant that Khmer farmers could triple or even quadruple their yearly amount of rice harvests, giving agricultural stability in a volatile and unreliable climate. Inland agricultural areas expanded for large-scale rice production – it’s thought they harvested over 50 million rice paddies in the Mekong River basin.
How does the Mekong River affect people’s daily lives?
Water from the Mekong River sustains a rich array of wildlife. Its fisheries provide a livelihood for 60 million people. As a source of water and food, it touches the lives of more than 300 million people from over 100 ethnic groups.